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How Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Should Approach Physical Activity

Young man receiving physical therapy after sport injury

For individuals with type 2 diabetes, physical activity may improve insulin sensitivity and help bring elevated levels of blood glucose up to normal value.  Before beginning an exercise program, individuals with type 2 diabetes should undergo a detailed medical evaluation of the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, feet and nervous system.  Individuals should also…

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What is Spinal Stenosis?

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The spine is divided into three major sections: lumbar, thoracic, and cervical. The spine consists of 33 individual bones called vertebrae. There are five lumbar vertebrae, 12 thoracic vertebrae, and seven cervical vertebrae. Vertebrae are separated by intervertebral discs that act as cushions between the bones. The spinal column is the main support for our…

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What Are the Causes of Shoulder Pain?

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The shoulder is one of the most mobile joints in the human body with nearly 360 degrees of motion across several planes. It is also a complex joint that has over a dozen muscles working together to move, twist, or raise the arm. This generous range of motion, however, can sometimes challenge muscle and ligament…

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Stretches You Can Do At Home

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Prolonged sitting may result in tight hamstrings and make it hard for individuals to straighten their knees all the way or extend their legs. In addition to inhibiting walking, tight muscles can also lead to injuries during strenuous activities like exercise and sports. Oftentimes, injured muscles do not have the strength or flexibility to support…

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Physical Therapy: Electrical Stimulation Treatment

Physical Therapy: Electrical Stimulation Treatment

Whether you’re recovering from an injury or recovering from surgery, it’s possible that your doctor may recommend an electrical stimulation treatment as part of your physical therapy. E-stim, or electrical stimulation treatment, is widely used in many physical therapy treatment procedures today. It’s safe, relatively comfortable, and effective. We’ll take a closer look at the…

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Understanding the Types of Bursitis

Understanding the Types of Bursitis

Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that function as cushions between joints and muscles, bones, and tendons. The condition of inflamed bursae is commonly referred to as bursitis.   Bursitis is relatively common, but pinpointing it as the cause of pain can be challenging. It may be difficult to diagnose bursitis because many people who have it choose…

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When To Seek Physical Therapy Treatment

When to Seek Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is a rehabilitation treatment that aims to ease pain, restore function and movement.  Physical therapists are licensed professionals who work with patients to achieve long term health benefits.  People seek help of a physical therapist when they have pain in joints or muscles, after joint replacement surgery, car accident or stroke. Pain Management…

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What Is Osteoarthritis?

WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS?

Osteoarthritis is a debilitating chronic condition that affects joints. It is one of the key conditions treated during orthopedic rehabilitation.  The main cause of osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage. Most commonly, arthritis affects weight bearing joints, such as knees and hips.  It may also affect the spine, including neck and lower back, shoulders,…

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What Is A Trigger Point?

Neck Sports Massage Therapy

A trigger point is a knot in the center of a muscle belly.  It feels like a lump under fingertips the size of 2-10 mm.  Some trigger points are painless, while others are hyperirritable and may produce pain syndrome locally or referred to another body part.  Myofascial pain syndrome refers to pain that arises from…

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10 Ways To Manage Pain with Physical Therapy

10 WAYS TO MANAGE PAIN WITH PHYSICAL THERAPY

TENS – TENS unit stimulates nerves and produces a massaging and tingling sensation to decrease pain. Ultrasound – Ultrasound warms deep structures, improves blood flow and flexibility and allows for better stretching.  Superficial heat or Ice – A hot compress warms superficial structures, decreases muscle spasm and increases blood flow.  Ice- Cold pack decreases redness…

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